Monthly Archives: November 2017

Against Proportional Representation: The Statist Boondoggle

One of the most vile, and most seductive, political ideas is that of proportional representation — the idea that a political party should have as many representatives in government as its proportion of the vote in the general election.

Firstly, this violates the principle of first past the post as the winner. Instead, you vote for a political party, and that party picks the members who will serve in the representative legislative branch of government such as Congress or the UK Parliament. But who is going to pick these representatives? Ultimately a Party hack or a group of them, who will shoo the election over to their favorite fellow-party members. There is no direct choosing of representatives, but only an endorsement of an “in group” who will decide for you who will represent you.

Secondly, proportional representation completely ignores the Libertarians and Independents who are outside of any political party, and registered as non-affiliated voters. How are they to “choose” anyone, since they may be opposed to all political parties, or have a cynical attitude towards such parties based on long experience and observation of the American Political Scene? Proportional representation also flies in the face of Anarchists who want no association whatsoever with any political system or political party. How are they to be represented, since their “religion” forbids them to further Government by voting for it? In a first past the post system, those Anarchists might find someone who represents their philosophy, or they might vote for the candidate who is closer to anarchism. But under proportional representation they are forced to vote for some political party, which of course is an endorsement of government, something completely anathema to their “religion”.

Proportional Representation is touted around joyously as a panacea for impotent government by the various socialist-capitalist melange parties in the US and other developed so-called democracies, as is voting for a second or third tier candidate if your first choice fails to win. But all it guarantees is the election of more Keynesian-economics politicians who have no comprehension of correct Minarchist government and Austrian-school economics, and believe in the philosophies of the major parties in the US and UK, which is to print money, inflate, and pay off the welfare- and military-industrial- tranches in their political populace. Republicans and Democrats, Tory and Labour, they are all deeply corrupt and incorrect in their political and economic beliefs. And that is why both these societies are slowly rotting.

Proportional Representation also leads to fractured parliaments in which coalitions must be formed to pass any legislation, resulting in impotent governments that have trouble passing any significant legislation (or de-legislation in terms of rescinding unjust and anti-Jeffersonian laws).

So no, no proportional representation in your political systems. First-past-the-post is the best in that it forces people to vote for individuals, not vague and inchoate political ideologies.

—Paul Grad, Vegan-Libertarian

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Assault on Senator Rand Paul Calls for 30-Year Sentence

I believe the physical assault on Senator Rand Paul, in which he sustained five broken ribs, calls for a 30-year sentence in a Federal prison. This is absolutely necessary, and will serve as a strong deterrent to anyone contemplating assaults on the democratically-elected Representatives of the Republic.

An assault against a duly-elected high official of the U.S. Government is not only an assault against the inalienable Property Right of that Individual in their body, but also, in my view, an assault against the U.S. Government and the property right in their vote of the voters who chose this Individual as their Representative in Congress.

I believe this punishment should hold, even when the attacker has no foreknowledge that the victim of his assault is an elected Representative of the Federal Government, as in the case of a random attacker mugging a Congressman on the street.

This heinous and vile assault against Senator Rand Paul must not go unpunished. The People should demand a 30-year sentence without parole in this case as a deterrent against assaults on our Jeffersonian Republic. If the courts fail to deliver such a condign punishment, then the President should immediately send a bill to Congress stipulating that an assault on any member of Congress, the Executive Branch, and the Judiciary, should carry such a sentence.

— Paul Grad, Classical Liberal, 2014 LPO Gubernatorial Nominee

Racism: The Big Lie

Mankind has found many ways of dividing itself up into illusory groups, and the four deadliest of these ways have been nationalism, organized religions, class divisions, and racism. It is of racism that we speak herein. (Though it is an illusion, we will continue to use the term “race” as commonly meant in this post.)

It is obvious that the Human Mind is a Universal Mind, that is, it is identical in its fundamental characteristics in all creatures that call themselves human beings. All human beings experience fear, hunger, pain, and many other physical and psychological states. The fear and terror of a child being murdered in Uganda, Armenia, or Wounded Knee is exactly the same.

The fact is that people of all different races are identical psychologically. What differs is the way they are conditioned by their society and their personal experiences.

I think there are four major disproofs of racist theory.

First is the historical proof that, in the past, warring groups invaded, raped, and intermarried so extensively that anything like a modern “pure” race is obviously non-existent, except when groups remained completely isolated from other people, as on an island, in a remote mountain fastness, or in a virtually empty desert like Western Namibia. In an old encyclopedia, from the early 20th century, I once read that all human beings were 38th cousins, or somewhere in the 30s. Any man who tells you that he comes from some racially-pure stock obviously belongs to the Race of Fools.

The second strong disproof of the falsity of racism is the Capitalist, Economic, or Praxeological disproof. Simply put, all human beings have identical capitalistic tendencies when trading or conserving commodities, no matter where they come from. This is well shown in the works of Ludwig Mises, the main proponent of the Austrian School of Economics. For example, marginal utility theory applies to men in all cultures at all times. If you have a very limited supply of some vital commodity, you will value the last unit of that commodity much more than if you have a vast quantity, far beyond what you’d need for years. The corn farmer is glad to trade his millionth bushel of corn for the tractor part he suddenly needs to complete his harvest, but if he’s down to his last two pounds of corn grits in the midst of a North Dakota blizzard, he will value them more.. Time preference is another example of universal economic thinking: all human beings would prefer to have capital or whatever commodity they want as soon as possible, rather than having to wait for it. This is why longer-term interest rates are almost invariably higher than short term interest rates, and why people would prefer to be paid what they have earned immediately, rather than in a few weeks or months. The professional would rather you pay his bill on the first possible day rather than the last legally-allowable day. This is true whether you’re in the Trobriand Islands, Norway, or Namibia. All so-called races react identically in these modes of economic thinking.

The third proof of the falsity of all racism is the sexual one. If you accept Theodor Reik’s premise that men and women have emotional and psychological differences that hold true in the vast majority of cases, you will find that there is far more psychological congruence between the behavior of a woman in, say, Namibia and one in Finland, than there is between a man and woman in Namibia, and a man and woman in Helsinki. The fact that psycho-sexual characteristics of both sexes hold true for all people throughout the world is another proof that there is only one race, the Human Race, with a universal Human Mind that differs only in particulars and individual abilities.

A fourth disproof of racist theory is that, in every “race” and ethnic group you find fools and clever people, and chess actually proves this point. If racists who say that Black people are less intelligent than White people were correct, it would be impossible for any Black man to beat a White man at Chess, yet there are Black Chess Masters, who, if playing a hundred White amateurs and beginners, would win 98 or more of those games. If racist theory were correct, this would be impossible. Moreover, the vast ethnic differences in the worlds very top Grandmasters, including ethnic Indians, Japanese, Norwegians, Russians, and Anglo-Saxons is another damning disproof of racist theory, which only a fool would ignore.

Lastly we come to my own pet theory on why racist theories might have come about.

Imagine five different “primitive” cultures, existing long before our current age. In the first culture, drumming talent amongst men is considered the highest virtue. All the young men with drumming talent would compete against each other for popularity, much like modern rock stars, and the most talented and handsomest would get the best looking young women. Over a thousand years, through genetic selection of the most talented reproducing with the healthiest, most feminine women, mating would produce a group of drummers so talented that they far surpassed any other group on earth. The XYZ Tribe would gain a reputation as great drummers, and its cause would be imputed to their race or tribe in general opinion.

In the second culture, male physical prowess, athletic ability, and physical perfection would be considered the highest social value, somewhat like ancient Greece, and the most perfect athletes and body builders would get the best looking, healthiest young women. Again, over a thousand years, the members of that culture might develop a reputation as being a “handsome race”.

In the third culture, wisdom would be value. The sage,  the man who sat with disciples or other wise men, discussing various aspects of life, would be considered the highest in social value and esteem, and the sages would all get the best looking, healthiest young women, producing over the course of a millenium a group who were considered to be extremely wise, (and usually peaceable if not threatened). This has occurred in many ancient cultures.

In a fourth culture, family wealth and trade might be valued as the highest and most respected social value, as in old China. The most stable, industrious, and wealthy young men would get the best-looking, healthiest young women, and over the course of a thousand years, you might get people who were extraordinarily good at commerce, while the ancient Japanese rice markets produced the modern Candlestick trading theory. Over a thousand years, the people in this group might develop a reputation amongst neighboring groups that they were extremely good at commerce, or rice trading on the Osaka exchange.

Lastly, image a culture where Chess ability ranked as the highest value. All the top Chess geniuses would constantly be bombarded with mating requests from the best looking, healthiest young women, and over the course of a thousand years, this isolated group would become known as the world’s best Chess players.

Now, I maintain that even if these various culture groups developed in isolation, and acquired a certain level of talent over and above what would be an average, generic human being’s talent in that area, this advantage conferred through genetic selection would quickly be dissipated once that group had mating contacts with outside groups that did not display this special talent. Within two or three generations, I’d guess, this talent would become so diluted that it would no longer be noticeable. Perhaps it would take more generations. But within ten generations I’m sure the genetic mixture of different gene pools would obliterate such distinctions.

Lastly, let me leave you with one facetious theory I have as to why there were no White men in deepest Africa when Livingston strolled there.

It’s because of this: it is well known that actually the superior races on earth are the Black race and the American Indians. American Indians evidently burn calories more efficiently than other races. And Black People have a superiorly-designed kneecap, that permits them generally to run faster than Whites, who have a less-efficiently designed kneecap.

This fact is, I believe, why there were no White men in deepest Africa. It was because, in ancient times, when Whites did inhabit Africa, when a beast of prey like a lion would chase a bunch of Humans to have a snack, it would be the Whites who would end up at the back of the pack, and provide a tasty meal. And before long, there were no more White men or women in deep Africa.

However, on this theory, there are those who doubt my thesis.

— Paul Grad, Vegan Libertarian or Classical Liberal