Monthly Archives: April 2014

Paul Grad for Oregon Governor: Legalizing Heroin for the Terminally Ill

One of the key elements of my platform is the legalization of heroin for the terminally ill.

For the sadists of the Democratic and Republican Parties, this is an issue which is never addressed, because the dying will not be able to vote in the next election. Governor John Kitzhaber, that disgrace who calls himself a Doctor, is a good example. Now in his third term, Kitzhaber has never raised the issue of people dying in agony because the Democratic Fascists of his party never raise this issue. Nor has Congressman Peter DeFazio, euphamistically also called a “Liberal”, spoken out, nor have the two “Liberal” Senators from Oregon, Wyden and Merkley. That these sadists will abandon our most vulnerable citizens, the terminally ill, in their hour of greatest need, is truly disgusting.

Moreover, it is a gross violation of the terminally-ill patient’s self-ownership, perhaps the most basic Libertarian principle. These Miscreants have no moral right to say to a dying person, “You have no right to take heroin to relieve your excruciating pain. You will have to get by with morphine, even if it doesn’t stem your pain, because I refuse to let you use heroin, and the State I represent tells you that it is “illegal” for you to assuage your pain in an effective manor with heroin.”

You can see the moral decrepitude of the prohibitionist Democrats very clearly on this issue.

Stand up, Oregonians, for your Inablienable Right, and the Right of your loved ones, not to suffer terrible pain just because these Immoral Miscreants violate your right to self-medicate. Say “no” to this Nazi-like sadism, by voting to legalize heroin by voting for me for Governor of Oregon, either by checking my name on the Liberatarian Primary Ballot, or writing me in on the Democratic and Republican Primary Ballots which will be arriving in a few days.

Legalizing heroin for the terminally ill is one of the most important issues of this campaign; one which the mainstream politicians will not touch. But I will.

Vote to defend yourself and your loved ones against these sadists. Vote for Paul Grad for Governor of Oregon.

Libertarians can check the box. Democrats, Republicans, and Communists, can write me in. I hope you will vote for me, and strike a blow for Human Decency.

Paul Grad,


Paul Grad for Oregon Governor: Abolishing The Estate and Inheritance Taxes

In my Libertarian view, estate and inheritance taxes are violations of Natural Rights,  and must be abolished in a just, non-violent society, and the reasons are fairly simple.

Estates are merely extensions of the income which, as we pointed out in our previous post, a worker is fully entitled to under Jefferson’s dictum “Government … shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned.” The income tax is both immoral, and inefficient. It kills initiative, and reduces production of goods by wasting vast sums of human energy. In brief, it is an assault, through coercion, on Individual’s Property Rights in their own labor and goods, and violates the Libertarian Non-Aggression Axiom that “no man or group of men may assault the property rights of any individual”. And since your body is also part of your property,  the axiom would also include the violence against people we normally consider crimes, like assault or armed robbery. It’s strange we don’t consider the income tax in the same class as the mugger, but they are equivalent.

Still, it’s perhaps better to comply with this unjust, immoral law, than go to jail, and to engage in Lord Bertrand Russell’s prescription for challenging such immorality, which was “non-violent political agitation”: in other words, debates, political campaigns, demonstrations, and the Boycott, the last that wonderful old Irish non-violent Capitalist weapon, used so effectively by Mahatma Gandhi, and Thomas Jefferson and the Colonials, against the British.

But the Estate and Inheritance Taxes are both immoral because, just like the income tax, they violate Property Rights, in this case those of the deceased, who willed that their property go to whomever they  wished.

That is, the Estate and Inheritance Taxes are not violations of the Property Rights of the person receiving the estate, but violations of the Property Rights of the deceased, the giver of the inheritance.

So the simple reason why Estate and Inheritance Taxes are violations of Natural Law, and the Libertarian non-aggression axiom, is that they are assaults and aggressions against the Property Rights of the Deceased. And for this reason, they cannot be used by a moral Government to raise the monies it needs to function. It must find some other way.

As Governor, I will submit legislation abolishing Estate and Inheritance Taxes in Oregon.

Libertarians check the box. Democrats, Republicans, and Communists can write me in.

Paul Grad, Libertarian Candidate for Governor of Oregon

Paul Grad, Libertarian, for Governor of Oregon: Abolishing The Income Tax

In this second discussion of my main campaign issues, I will deal with the immoral income tax.

As you know, if I were elected Governor of Oregon, I would attempt to completely abolish the personal income tax, and abolish the corporate income tax below the Adjusted Gross Income level of all Oregonians. The reason can be found in the following quote by that Great Libertarian and key initiator of the American Revolution, Thomas Jefferson.

Jefferson said in his Inaugural Address, “What more is necessary to make us a happy and prosperous people? Still one more thing, fellow citizens, a wise and frugal government which shall restrain men from injuring one another, shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government, and this is necessary to close the circle of our felicities.”

In this wonderful quote, Jefferson eloquently summed up the Libertarian Minarchist’s concept of how our government should run, and the Libertarian, or Classical Liberal, philosophy.  But key to the understanding of the immorality of the income tax is his phrase, “shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned.” This clearly means that the income tax is immoral because we have an “Inalienable Right to the Fruits of Our Labor”. The defense of Inalienable Rights is at the heart of the Natural Law philosophy of Jefferson, and if we are to have a Jeffersonian Republic, it is absolutely necessary that this Inalienable Right is not assaulted.

Clearly, any money earned from labor should not be taxed. And if you use that money to earn more money, say by renting it out, or buying something which you later sell for more, it is merely an extension of the money you earned from labor, and thus is completely equal to money earned from labor. This would make the interest and capital gains portion of ones income as immune from taxation as what you earned digging ditches, and, thus, taxing interest and capital gains is fully as immoral as taxing direct labor.

As we know in modern America, the income tax has two other extremely negative and anti-Capitalist elements in it.

Firstly, is the immense waste of energy, money, and time, which complying with the income tax forces Americans to endure. This vast dissipation of human energy, which could go into activity in the Free-Market, enriching those who engaged in it and the entire country as a whole, leaves us all immensely poorer. America would be far more prosperous if all that human energy were put into productive activity, or enjoyed as leisure.

Secondly, if you earn money legally, it is nobody’s business what you do with it, as long as that activity is also legal. In other words, the income tax is a vile violation of the Inalienable Right to Privacy, which Jefferson’s beautiful Bill of Rights protected and defended. This is as serious a usurpation of our Inalienable Rights, as is the wastage of our human energy.

Now, those who disagree with my interpretation of Jefferson’s inaugural speech above might counter with the following quote from Jefferson to Madison, made in 1785:

“Another means of silently lessening the inequality of property is to exempt all from taxation below a certain point, and to tax the higher portions or property in geometrical progression as they rise. Whenever there are in any country uncultivated lands and unemployed poor, it is clear that the laws of property have been so far extended as to violate natural right.”

The progressive income taxer will jump on this quote as a vindication of his immoral income tax, but he conveniently overlooks the second sentence about unemployed poor and uncultivated lands.

There would be very few unemployed poor if the minimum wage law were abolished. This violation of the Inalienable Right to Contract, which so disproportionally unemploys Black and Hispanic Youth, to the benefit of Union Workers, who can, by this tactic, exclude a vast segment of the labor force from competing with them, is another anti-Libertarian crime by the modern state. Switzerland has no minimum wage law, and its unemployment rate is 2.8%, (ILO estimate is 4.1%), far lower than ours or the European and British socialist governments.

So, for the progressive income tax to exist at all, it would first be necessary for the minimum wage law to be abolished. Then, almost all surplus-labor would be cleared by the market, as wages fell to a level that would employ everybody who wanted to work, without any coercion. However, I doubt very much if the wage level would fall much below the current minimum wage, if at all, although it might fall for very easy labor like house-sitting or baby-sitting. Men would be absolutely free to contract their wage scales.

Secondly, the progressive income tax supporters overlook the inclusion of “uncultivated lands” in the above quote. Currently, we have farm subsidies, those immoral giveaways to the corporate rich at the expense of the general taxpayer, championed and promoted by the Democrats and Republicans, which actually pay people not to cultivate lands in a world of starving people. It is clear from this that as long as we are paying people not to cultivate land, the income tax, or the progressive income tax, should not exist in America.

Additionally, I believe Jefferson did not take into consideration the disincentive effect of the progressive or graduated income tax on the total productivity of a society. What of the masterful brain surgeon, who could do a hundred surgeries a year, who decides, because of the progressive income tax, that he will only do forty a year because that will throw him into a higher tax bracket, and he could spend half the year on vacation, rather than waste his time paying the salaries and bloated pensions of government officials. The disincentive effect in this case will cost several score Americans their lives.

But how are we then to tax ourselves, so that very basic functions of government, like apprehending murders and tree thieves, and jailing them for extended periods, are to be carried out? Certainly not through an individual income tax.

But there are problems with other forms of taxation. The sales tax hits the poor far harder than the affluent. If there were one tax the Left should be against, it is the sales tax. Yet we see the Left touting this as a wonderful tool for financing overpaid government officials. Moreover, it throws the entire onus of collecting the tax on the backs of business, and especially small business. The corporate giants can easily handle the extra work, but it burdens and even destroys small businessmen, who should not be forced to be the government’s tax collectors — another form of involuntary servitude.

Additionally, if you do favor the income tax, you should distinguish between the flat income tax (with no deductions), and the progressive income tax. Obviously, the flat income tax is both fairer, and would greatly simplify and largely eliminate a vast wastage of American human energy, which could better be spent in market activity.

But here also the key is at what level the income tax is set. A progressive income tax that went from 1% to 3% would be far better than a flat tax of 25%.

Ultimately, the only fair tax is the poll tax, which hits all citizens equally (and perhaps foreign residents and visitors should be charged a daily tax equivalent to what all Americans pay daily to the military for protection. Foreign visitors are getting the security benefits of our military spending without paying for it). You’d think that if the Left really believed in the “equality of all citizens”, they would fully back the poll tax. But when Margaret Thatcher tried it, it initiated the end of her political rule.

The only other possibility we see is a corporate income tax on the largest corporations, since Inalienable Rights apply only to Individuals, and corporations are not individuals, but notional legal fictions which don’t actually exist. A corporate tax on the largest corporations would merely be passed on to the consumer in the form of higher prices, so ultimately the consumer would pay it anyway. But it would streamline our taxing mechanism, and save vast sums of energy and money for Individuals, small businesses, and small corporations, while not violating Jefferson’s injunction against the taxation of labor.

There is no doubt that taxation is theft by the State through coercion, but it is also true that we cannot have a Minarchist, or minimal, government without some type of revenue being generated for the government to pay government workers. The key is probably to keep the level of government expenditure at the very lowest level consistent with its Jeffersonian, Libertarian, principles.

One thing we know for sure: the income tax is taking bread from the mouth of labor which it has earned, and that is surely immoral. —

Paul Grad, Libertarian Candidate for Governor of Oregon

Libertarians check the box. Democrats, Republicans, and Communists, can write me in.

Paul Grad for Oregon Governor: Abolishing The Death Penalty

Greetings Good Citizens,

I strongly oppose the Death Penalty, which is one of the cornerstones of Fascism, and will strive to abolish it if elected Governor of Oregon.

The State should never be given the power to murder an Individual, because it can easily frame someone whose political views, or economic power, goes against its interests. Hitler, Stalin, Mao, and Idi Amin could never have done what they did if Capital Punishment had been illegal under their terror regimes.

Moreover, with over 135 former deathrow inmates in America having been found innocent, largely due to DNA testing, it is clear that the Death Penalty is a Crime against Justice. Who knows how many innocent Americans have been framed and murdered by the State in America, or found guilty through bona fide errors? In Great Britain, they got tired of executing people who were later found innocent, and got rid of this barbarous practice. It’s time we in America came up to their level and Europe’s, Canada’s, Israel’s, and Australia’s, and get out of the orbit of sadistic regimes like China, Japan, Singapore, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

That said, I believe those who have been convicted of such heinous crimes that they are given the Death Penalty in modern America, which usually requires special circumstances to be pronounced, should face a much more arduous imprisonment than other prisoners, but falling far short of cruel or unusual punishment. I’d suggest solitary for extremely violent criminals, and a 12-hour shift, 6 days a week, working some dull, useful job, like laundry or dishwashing, with any money they earned going to the surviving family of the victim. Libertarians believe that restitution should be made to the victim, not the State, although perhaps any earnings should be shared equally between the victim’s dependents and the taxpayer.

I believe such a system of more arduous punishment would be a far greater deterrent to murder than the Death Penalty.

Lastly, I’d have to agree with the great writer, Norman Mailer, who also vigorously opposed Capital Punishment, when he said that he thought it was, however, an appropriate punishment for War Crimes. I would not block the execution of anyone convicted of War Crimes against the People of Oregon or America, if their execution was to take place in Oregon. (For example, if we were invaded by Canada or North Korea.)

Capital Punishment is the key Libertarian issue, for it is the most extreme and violent instance of property theft by the State that exists. But it is a mere continuation of the crimes against property rights by the State that occur when the State takes from you that to which it has no Right. I will commute the sentences of anyone who comes up for execution during my term of office in Oregon, giving them Life in Solitary at hard labor as the alternative, and I will use my bully pulpit to press for the abolition  of Capital Punishment in Oregon. — Paul Grad


Paul Grad, Libertarian, for Oregon Governor: My Platform

paul 19Salutations Good Citizens,

I am  the winner of the Libertarian Party of Oregon’s Primary Election for Governor, and will be appearing as their Nominee on the November ballot. This post is to introduce you to my political and economic philosophy, followed by my campaign platforms in brief. In future posts, I will be exploring various aspects of this platform in far greater depth, as well as the initiatives and measures on the November ballot.

As a Libertarian, or Classical Liberal, I would define myself politically as a Jeffersonian Minarchist, or believer in a minimal government. Add to this a strongly pro-individual Capitalism, based on the Austrian School of Economics as championed by Professors Ludwig Mises, Frederic Hayek, and Murray Rothbard, and you have my basic political-economic orientation. Add to this a belief in Jeffersonian Natural Rights being inalienable, especially the Rights to Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness,  the last which as you may recall was termed “property” in earlier documents, and you have my view of Rights. These also include the Right to Contract, the Right to the Fruits of Your Labor, and the Right to the Quiet Enjoyment of One’s Property. Remember that inalienable means: can never be taken away from you, either by an individual or an established government. Government, Jefferson taught us, is a necessary evil. Evil, because it seems to always expand its will to power. Necessary, at least now, because man is still far away from the pure Anarcho-Capitalism of Professor Rothbard, and I think the term “anarcho” tends to make the public think it has something to do with anarchy. Of course, it is just the opposite of anarchy, because anarcho-capitalists refuse to aggress against anyone’s property rights, and that would lead to an orderly, very free society. But frankly, I think a limited small government, that dealt mainly with the gross property rights violations like murder and arson, along with environmental protections of individuals, and probably most of the current OSHA standards and food quality standards, would be the best situation under current circumstances.. Finally, I would use as my political yardstick the Libertarian non-aggression axiom that “no man or group of men my aggress against the person or property of any individual”, and that the enforcement of those property rights (which includes your own body)  is the sole legitimate function of government in Jefferson’s view. (Along with a Jeffersonian requirement to teach reading, though not by force.) Thus, the peacetime draft, a national service requirement, filling out more than your name and address on the census, volunteering requirements in government schools, having to fill out income tax forms, etc. are all forms of involutary servitude or slavery, which the government has no right to demand. Perhaps even standing up in court when the judge enters is a form of involuntary servitude, along with most pledges and oaths for U.S. Citizens. (A person becoming a Naturalized U.S. Citizen might fittingly be asked to pledge to not attempt the violent overthrow of the U.S. Government, and to uphold and defend the Constitution, but not a U.S-born Citizen, unless that Citizen had been elected to office and was taking an oath to obey that State’s or the Federal Constitution, and pledge not to attempt the violent overthrow of his own government.)

My gubernatorial platform proposals fall into three catagories. Firstly, those main legislative proposals which I think have a good chance of being enacted into law. Secondly, those which have a very slight chance. And thirdly, those which have the chance of the proverbial snowball in hell. They also fall into three subject catagories: Libertarian economic and social proposals, environmental proposals, and animal cruelty measures.

First, the Libertarian proposals which are my mainstream political goals. In future blogs I will expand many of these proposals, giving my reasons and justifications for my positions.

The core program consists of these proposals:

1) Abolish the Death Penalty, one of the cornerstones of Fascism.

2)Abolish the personal income tax, and corporate income tax on incomes below the average adjusted gross income of all Americans, or all Oregonians. Maintain current level of corporate income tax on incomes $1million to $5 million. Raise level on corporations making $1 billion or more to 9.9%, the current highest rate on Individuals, to replace income lost to abolition of personal income tax, gradually lowering that 9.9% level back to the current rate as government programs were eliminated. We justify this temporary increase in corporate income tax on the largest business concerns in the state, by maintaining that they have long financially benefitted from paying lower income tax rates that individuals pay in Oregon, and thus these corporations have been subsidized by the general working taxpayer for decades. As state government programs are lessened, so will be the tax burden on these giant corporations, and in a few years there will be no need to further discriminate on corporate tax rates based on the net profits of a corporation. If I couldn’t abolish the personal income tax, then I’d try to at least abolish personal capital gains taxes, capital gains being one of the very few ways left in America for a worker to break out of his poverty and drudgery.

3) Abolish all estate  and inheritance taxes.

4) Legalize heroin for the terminally ill.

5) Completely legalize cannabis, with no taxes, licences, or registrations. Maintain DUI laws until further studies on effects on driving. Outlaw non-medical delivery to minors. Maintain recreational cannabis ban within a fixed visual distance of government schools (until they are abolished).

6) Pardon anyone in jail solely on cannabis charges, except DUI and delivery to minors. Half of prison costs saved returned to the taxpayer.

7) Lengthen sentences for first- and second-degree rape by 50%. Use half of the money saved on the cannabis pardons to pay for this program. Second-degree rape charges would differ if both persons involved were minors (say a thirteen year-old girl with a nine year-old boy).

8) End the immoral state lottery.

9) End any State farm subsidies, and government loans and subsidies to private business.

10) Abolish SB 132, the Vaccination Law, because it is a form of involuntary servitude.

11) Outlaw second-hand tobacco smoke within 100 yds. of another adult without their consent, or 50 yds. for children under 17. This will be a Class C Misdemeanor with mandatory jail time. (After initial caution, three hours in jail for second incident.)

12) Smoking tobacco within 10 yds. of a child will be a Class A Misdemeanor with mandatory jail time.

13) Implement vegetarian diet in prison cafeterias to save money, now that the AMA has stated that it is a completely healthy diet. Vitamin B12 supplements supplied to prisoners if requested. Prisoners may buy certain dried meats through the mail, like beef jerky..

14) Implement vegetarian menus in all government schools that receive any State funds (until they are abolished). Ban sale of “junk food” in government schools. Ban pesticide and lawn chemical use in government schools (until they are abolished).

15) Prohibit corporate advertising on publicly-owned lands, city, county, and state.

16a) Prohibit use of any drug more addictive than caffeine on the Benowitz Scale of addictions, developed by Dr. Benowitz of the University of California San Francisco, in order to continue to be eligible for the Oregon Health Plan. Drug testing of patients in order to continue to receive services, excluding medical emergencies or critical care.

16b) Legalize all drugs less addictive than caffeine on the Benowitz Scale of Addiction. DUI and delivery to minors still illegal.

17) Legalize prostitution.

18) Require paper ballots that will be videotaped as the results are read aloud by a panel of four election workers, one each from the three most populous parties in the state plus one independent. This will eliminate the possibility of voter fraud by machine.

19) Duplicate the British Dangerous Dogs Act, which outlaws pitbulls and a couple of other breeds, with modifications (no tatoo or chip implantation requirements). Current owners may keep their dogs, but they must be confined at all times. Pitbulls in public would have to always be leashed, and possibly muzzled. Letting a pitbull run loose off-leash would be a Class B Misdemeanor, with jail time. Breeding pitbulls would be a Felony.

20) Ban atrazine, which is illegal in the European Union, and certain other herbicides like 2-4D, etc.

21) The placing of Individual Rights before Corporate Collectivism. Corporations are not Individuals, but collectivist entities which have only a notional existence. The Law must be changed to give Rights only to Individuals, though corporate stock is the real property of the owner, and should not be treated worse than any other form of property.

22) Lobbying can only be done by Individuals in the interest of Individual Rights. Corporate lobbying outlawed.

23) Outlaw fracking.

24) Implement 40-year moratorium on live-tree logging on all state lands. Cutting of dead, diseased, and threats-to-human-safety trees permitted. Moratorium renewable in 40 years depending on the state of the environment. Implement the “Natural Selection Forest Management” System with dead-tree harvesters self-employed and local community distributors.

25) End State’s association with most boards of examiners, except when involving public health and safety.

26) Outlaw Civil Forfeiture. Criminal Forfeiture only to be allowed under law.

27) Legalize all gambling.

28) Provide bulletproof vests to all patrol officers in the State. If legislature rejected this logical, common sense, proposal, then I’d offer a tax credit to any officer who bought his own vest which could be used to offset any State income tax due, up to the amount of the vest.

29) Provide bulletproof vests for all police dogs. Given the cost and effort of training these dogs, this would eventually save the taxpayer money.

30) Increase the penalty for tree theft from three times the value of the wood to 30 times the value.

31) Increase the “smoke free oregon” distance that people have to stand back from a public door from the current risible 10 ft. to a realistic 70-100 ft. Currently, one gust of wind behind a smoker standing the legal distance from a public doorway can fill a hall or county building with tobacco smoke so that a hundred people are assaulted. This situation must not be tolerated any longer.

32) Manage State Forests through the “Natural Selection Forest Management” System. This system provides for a sustainable harvest of dead trees from public lands with virtually no environmental degradation, and would provide entrepreneurial self-employment for those removing the trees as well as for local distribution centers. The effect of this system is that the forest remains in a virtual wilderness state while providing a constant stream of trees and income. And it is far better for the U.S. trade deficit if we burn dead Oregon wood, which is carbon-neutral, instead of Saudi and Gulf oil.

33)Permit a valid but expired driving license from another State to be used as proof of U.S. birth or Citizenship in lieu of a birth certificate.

34) Outlaw fluoridation of municipal water supplies.

Now we come to proposals which I would initiate but which would have little chance of passing. These include:

1) Abolishing the minimum wage laws. This vile, racist usurpation of the inalienable Right to Contract, which predominantly unemploys Black youth, will be assaulted.

2) Remove marriage from all State and local laws. Marriage is a religious institution, and since Jefferson told us to build up “a wall of separation between Church and State”, we will do that by eliminating this religious practice from secular law. Also remove property tax exemption for religious institutions, although the closing of public schools would dramatically lower property tax bills. Property tax is probably not Constitutional, so the effect on religious institutions would eventually be moot. Since marriage would now be outside the realm of the law, polyandry, polygamy, and other forms of cohabitation would in effect be legal.

3) Abolish the State Pension System (PERS). Pensions are not the responsibility of the taxpayer, and there is already the Federal Social Security System.

4) Pay jurors at least the Minimum Wage (if we cannot abolish it) in Corporate Civil cases, and increase auto mileage compensation by 50%. Pay jurors at least minimum wage in criminal cases.

5) Outlaw mechanical noise from air conditioners and leaf blowers that crosses property lines unless consented to. This is a violation of the inalienable Right to the Quiet Enjoyment of Ones Property.

6) Eliminate all State Commissions, and return their salaries to the taxpayers.

7) Remove the State’s funding of the University of Oregon, State Universities, and all State and Community Colleges, except for doctor and medical training programs, which would be phased out over a long period. No longer require teaching credentials to teach in government schools (until we can abolish them). No animal use permitted in medical training programs.

8)Permit Oregonians to opt-out of a possible autopsy in cases of death from natural causes. Override of this provision if law enforcement suspects foul play, or next of kin requests an autopsy.

9)Reform the Sex Offender Registry. Eliminate those persons whose offenses would be legal under Libertarianism because they involve only one person. Remove persons convicted of mooning, public urination, public nudity excluding exposure, persons who were 10 years-old or younger at time of incident, etc

And finally, my animal cruelty measures which have no chance in a society that is 1.5% vegetarian. These snowball in hell measures include

1) Outlaw hunting. Killing an animal that is assaulting you still legal. Killing of animals for food in extreme survival situations (i.e. you’re lost in the mountains with no food) still legal. ( Native Americans would be exempted from this provision within their Tribal Lands, since their Treaty Rights must be scrupulously honored. I would, however, personally plead with the Tribes to give up this practice, as well as fishing.)

2) Outlaw fishing. (Native Americans on Tribal Lands would again be exempted due to their Treaty Rights.)

3) Outlaw vivisection, and using animals in experiments.

4) Institute statewide low-cost spay and neuter program using vets trained at the public’s expense in State universities and colleges. Spay fees not to exceed one hour at the minimum wage. This is about my only “government program”.

5) Outlaw slaughterhouses, and slaughtering of animals, except euthanasia to end suffering. Outlaw transporting of animals in Oregon to slaughterhouses outside of Oregon.

6) Outlaw keeping of killer whales and dolphins.

7) Outlaw rodeos.

8) Outlaw circuses using animals, bull-fighting, and bear-baiting.

9) Outlaw horse racing and greyhound racing.

10) Close the Portland zoo. All animals relocated to sanctuaries or maintained till they expire at current zoo.

Other “snowball in hell” legislation I would propose consists of:

1) Outlaw cultivation of GMO crops.

2) Outlaw the communistic business license requirement throughout the State, as a restriction on Capitalism and Free-Trade.

3) Set aside smoking areas in public parks for tobacco addicts, as a compassionate measure.

4) Require all newly-established townships in Oregon to set aside a “free-market” area, where any citizen within the township or a fixed circumference from the town, could sell their own personal belongings. The only requirement might be to show proof of ownership to law enforcement if requested. I’d urge, but not force, established townships to do likewise. This is a pro-Capitalist measure.

5) Require anyone receiving a certain level of votes (perhaps 3-5, but I’m not sure as to the exact level) to be listed by name and vote total on any official results, rather than as “others” in published voting results. Total number of people receiving less than the established limit also to be listed in election results. This is a transparency issue, so people can see if their votes were really, and correctly, tabulated.

6) Either require, or permit in lieu of working in jail, all Oregon prisoners to read one hour of American History or works by the Founding Fathers (Jefferson, Madison, Adams, Trenchard, Paine, etc) per day, 5 days per week.

Well, that’s about it. I’m sure I’ve alienated almost everybody with at least one of my proposals, but at least you know where I stand. And since I believe in democratic elections, none of my more radical proposals could be implemented without a majority of the People being behind them.

Libertarians, Independents, Democrats, Republicans, Greens, and Communists can vote for me on the November 4 ballot..

I plan to be “a real choice, not an echo”.

Paul Grad, Libertarian, for Governor of Oregon.